The ancient Greek civilization begins roughly from 2600 BC and reaches its peak until about 1600 BC. This is the “golden age” of Greece, which declined with the Dorian invasion from the north, after 1100 BC. With ongoing wars, repeated disasters and prolonged occupation of the Dorians, stopped all mental activity. Annihilated the impact of philosophical conceptions of Orphic, and with them, astrological knowledge emanating from celestial recordings and cosmological observations. Almost all previous civilization and knowledge, exterminated. This can explain why it appears centuries later astrological application in the country without cognitive sequence, with elements borrowed from the Mesopotamian people’s “astrolatreia “(worship of Astrology) when they met with the ancient spirit through the possessions of Alexander the Great.
The Greek culture begins again starting with a real Olympic Games, 766 BC Then we have the emergence of classical Greece. It is the time when Omiros (Homer) spreads the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Odyssey tells that Odysseus returns to Ithaca during an eclipse. The day will reveal to kill the suitors of Penelope, the prophet klymenos mentions among other bad omens that “the sun will be lost and will spread everywhere dense haze.” This phrase was interpreted by Plutarch, as Eustace prognosis one total solar eclipse (some modern researchers identified the eclipse with that of April 16, 1178 BC, which was total in Ithaca). Homer also mentions in detail the tuples, the Hyades, Orion, Little and Great Bear, while Hesiod in the 7th century mentions the Pleiades, Hyades on, Orion and Sirius. We see, therefore, that the ancient Greeks began using the celestial phenomena and the zodiac as a reliable screening method for remote commercial and exploratory trips. Over the centuries, our ancestors evolved the surviving knowledge of Orphic and started applying the projection zodiac in relation to the provision of suitable sites . According to archaeologist Penroz at least 8 temples of Zeus and Athena, built-in 1580 BC to 300 BC was oriented in the sign of Aries.
The information passed to these most ancient initiates our ancestors, who attempt to carry the works of their era saw the harmony in the universe, they built their sacred sites, so most distances to be equidistant imaginary isosceles triangles, forming geometric proportions in 2 : 3. This should be food for thought today’s historians and puzzled scientists, that the god of knowledge, Hermes, performs one complete revolution around himself to 58.65 days and one full orbit around the Sun in 87,97 days. If you’re a little careful, you will see that 2 *87, 97 = 175.94 and 3 *58, 65 = 175.95. So you may notice that there is a ‘coincidental’ or ‘magic’ coordination, which is just at 2:3.
Some of the first astrological references found in the book Hesiod “Works and Days”, which captures the available days for various activities such as harvesting in the following passage: “when Orion and Sirius will be culminated and Arcturus will rise at dawn then, O Persians, gather your grapes and bring them home. ” At another point advising his brother Perseus’ erupt when the Pleiades, daughters of Atlas, start the harvest, and when go down, begin plowing. ” The treatise of Hesiod presents an attempt to regulate the crops according to the seasons of the year, thus the beginning of astrological thinking pave the use of stars like self guide people in all areas.
Later appears Thales of Miletus (624 -546 BC), who estimated successfully effect the yield of olives in Miletus, several months earlier. He was not so sure that time rented mills and sublet when the crop of olives was so rich that there was an increased demand for mills, just as he had calculated. Thales acquired so much money responding in this way to the challenge of his fellow citizens about whether astrology has practical utility and if possible to make money from it.Thales remained in history because also estimated accurately solar eclipse would take place on 28 May 585 BC and this was the occasion to stop the war between the Medes and Lidon. We do not know which calendar was based Thales to make such a successful outcome. We note, however, beyond all doubt, that one of the major forces that occupied the ancient Greek astronomers was their ability to foreshadow the future eclipses, which seems to affect human behavior.
We are in the 6th century, where, according to Pliny, the Kleostratos the Tenedios-astronomer, philosopher and poet-introduced at the time the constellations of the zodiac in Greece. It successfully gives Greek names to the Egyptian ideograms and explains the importance of new names of Egyptian hieroglyphs. The Kleostratos is also the first to interpret the significance of the constellation Aries and Sagittarius. The Greek name and explanation of Egyptian ideograms did not change the shape of constellations, but complied with it. This wood was confirmed today by the large color transparencies telescope at Palomar Observatory in California, where we see for instance the constellation of Cancer forming a crab in all its details, as if it has been done by the most capable divine artist.
One of the most influential philosophers who developed the astronomical knowledge of their time, was Anaximenes (585 -528 BC) In the cosmological vision, realized and popularized the similar relationship between macrocosm and microcosm, one very central idea in astrological theory. We must emphasize that the first Greek philosophers were more naturalists and astronomers, astrologers only because astrology was unknown to them in the way we apply it. However, they created, step by step, the intellectual basis which later combined with the Mesopotamian deities and thus produced the current astrological model.
One of the greatest figures of antiquity was undoubtedly Pythagoras (586 -490 BC). Born in Samos, the son of Ageou and Parthenidis. He traveled to many places. Studied in Ionia, Egypt and Babylon, after the conquest of Egypt by the Persians in 535 BC, where it is rumored that captured. As a result of all this, he came in contact with Eastern ideas, because since 546 BC The Persians had extended their empire until Ionia (now Turkey), mixing both the Greek, and the Mesopotamian civilization in the same territory. When Pythagoras returned to Samos in 528 BC founded a philosophical school as a pioneer leader of new religious-political ideas teaching that knowledge of numbers, geometry and music lead to the understanding of cosmic phenomena. Although Pythagoras did not bring astrology together, back in Greece, brought the philosophy of mathematics through which developed astrology. The brilliant philosopher he could not resist the tyranny of Polycrates, so again left and after wandering in Delos, Crete and Delphi came to Croton in Southern Italy, where he founded a new philosophical school, the “Omakoeion” and pass on their knowledge selected students in a circle-a-closed fraternity, who were admitted after a rigorous testing and transcendent initiations.
Pythagoras took all necessary knowledge of the ancient world and grappled to implement a variety of practical problems. Thus led to many discoveries and promoted heavily in mathematics and astronomy. Explained the phenomena of eclipses and the phases of the Moon. Called the universe that surrounds the Earth “Cosmos” because jewelry is an actual jewelry indeed. The largest contribution of Pythagoras in astrology is that in theory, numerical relationships are the basis of the universe, so the universe can be explained through numbers. Therefore, each number contains an occult importance, apart from the actual correlation with a particular quantity. Why the time of Pythagoras, philosopher and student of astrology came into contact with global holy laws as the Law of Three which mirrors the worlds of Matter, the Soul and the Spirit, namely 3 astrological properties: stability, impassivity and variability. Also came into contact with the law of Four which is expressed in the 4 cardinal points on 4 sides of the human personality and to the 4 building blocks of the Universe: Earth, Water, Air and Fire. Even coming into contact with the law of seven, besides the 7 notes and 7 seven colors of the rainbow, mirrored in the properties of the 7 main planets. Finally came in contact with the law of the Twelve who is generally a process of integration, through our famous Dodecameric Zodiac.
More specifically, the number 1 represents the law expressing the Zodiac. Associated with that key, unique, special, state expressing each Zodiac sign, and that has to do with what is symbolized by the ruler planet sign. The number 2 is associated with gender, for instance male or female status sign. This has nothing to do with the natural gender of everyone, but the symbolic status of each sign. The number 3 relates to the three properties of matter, the manifested world, which we know as inertia-Volume-Balance, or as Stillness-Movement-jacking, and the astrology we define the impulse-Fixed-Variable Signs: The urge associated with the movement or start, the stability with the installation or creating forms, and the variability in the Idea, the development or creation of a new idea. The number 4 is associated with the four elements of the manifested world, which we know as Earth-Water-Air and Fire: Earth is related to the physical form, the support of a scheme or a situation, positive or negative. Water is related to the temperament, emotion, status of tyranny or altruism. The Wind is associated with logic and intellect, rationality or technocracy. Fire is associated with inspiration, passion, enthusiasm, leader or adventurer. These four separate laws in each Zodiac expressed in different combinations, giving finally the special features. So, one representing the “unity” of the two “duality”, etc. For example, the fourth house represents the family in the natal horoscope us because it is based on Pythagorean notion that four is the number of the establishment of our lives.
Pythagoras was teaching that every moving body if brandishing produces sound according to the volume and speed. He believed that the distances between celestial bodies are arranged according to their proportions of occult harmony. Not considered that the perpetual motion of planets creates some hints that if we were to concentrate on recording the myriad specks of orbits, then one would hear wondrous resonance, which he called “music of the spheres.” He said that: “The stars in the heavens play a musical, but we need to have ears to hear it.”
After Pythagoras encounter chronologically Heraclitus of Ephesus (544 -484 BC). Heraclitus believed that the fire (energy) from all things, and things (matter) comes the fire. He taught that everything is in constant flux “Everything flows and nothing stays.” He developed the idea that there are two states of being in the universe: Being, an imaginary situation, and becoming, a state of constant change shaping the natural world. The theory of Heraclitus founded the symbolic principle of polarity between male and female signs, which many astrologers follow-up today for interpreting a horoscope.
We arrive on the 5th BC century, when a new face appears in the mind of the naturalist philosopher Anaxagoras (500 -428 BC). Anaxagoras was a landowner, but he left home to engage in philosophy. Became a teacher of Pericles, Euripides and Socrates. Had dealt the phases of the moon, saw that there are anomalies in surface-valleys and mountains-and discovered the real cause of sun-lunar eclipses. He argued that the moon and the stars will fall to Earth, although there was in orbit centrifugal force that holds them. It concluded that gravity does not exist only on Earth but in all celestial bodies. Suggested that there are other solar systems like our own, because the Galaxy consists of stars and nebulae which form swirling solar systems. When one student asked Anaxagoras’ because man prefers to come into the world despite not come? “He replied,” to admire the spectacle of the heavens and the class that surrounds the whole world. ” Anaxagoras was the first popularized the idea of a divine creator who gives material form, in contrast to the prevailing theory of “ylozoismos” claiming that the material includes an instinctive form of intellect, and therefore, the ability to feel. This calculus is pivotal as to whether the planets are means for the expression of divine will or are themselves causal factors.
At this time lived the lyric poet Pindar (518 -438 BC). In one of the extent poems speaks of a total Solar eclipse that took place on 30 April 463 BC and which was visible from Thebes, “Ray of Sun! Oh, you see that away, what will now devise Oh, mother of my eyes! Oh, supreme star, we hid in broad daylight! Why so complicated the power of man and the way of wisdom, by dashing in front of the shady path? ‘.
One of the most important figures of the ancient world, there was Empedocles (494 -434 BC) came from Agrigento, Sicily. Empedocles was one of the main exponents of cosmology. While previous philosophers had been reported on the role of the individual elements-fire, air, water-based like the physical universe, Empedocles held that all observable objects of the material world from mixing various proportions of the four elements: fire, air, Earth, Water. Therefore developed the idea that all things in the universe are made up of the combination of these elements, which are in a permanent state of change. Consequently, all things in the physical universe (the realm of Becoming), including the human personality, shaped by these 4 elements. While Empedocles was not an astrologer, thanks to him founded the astrological principle of combining the four elements that follow until today, in interpreting a horoscope. There is a force, explained Empedocles called “filotita” (traction) and connecting these 4 elements, and another, opposite force called “neikos” (repulsion) separates, causing the deterioration and death. The dynamic tension between Filotitas Neikous produce and continuously cycles of the universe.
Empedocles was among the first who realized that there must be an evolutionary process in the human body, because he taught that his organs matured slowly. The main application of the theory of Empedocles was the father of modern medicine, Hippocrates (460 -367 BC), who studied the Asklepieion of Kos. Hippocrates said that “only a moron would cure patients without previously consulting the horoscope, because we have to treat the patient and not the disease.” Hippocrates correlated the 4 elements of Empedocles with 4 types of idiosyncratic human body, thus laying the foundations for the development of medical astrology in our country.